Location in BHU campus :Planted in Botanical garden and in a residential quarter in Old Medical Enclave
Botanical name : Pinus roxburghii Sarg.
Syn P.longifolia Roxb.
Family : Pinaceae
Vernacular / local Name : Hindi-Chir, chil, sarala; Sanskrit - Sarala; other vernacular and regional names are mostly derivatives of these names.
English / Trade names : Chir Pine, Himalayan Long needle Pine, Chil.
A large coniferous tree, usually reaching 30 m height and 3 m diameter. Leaves needle-like, in clusters of three, Male cones light brown, ca 1.5 cm long, arranged clusters. Female mature cones 10-20 x 7-10 cm, woody; seeds winged. Plants bear cones between January-February.
According to Vayu Purana the plant is considered for religious purposes.Chir is associated with the constellation Jyeshtha(Antares).
Resin obtained from stem is used in manufacture of varnishes and paints. Wood is used for construction work and for making packing cases, furniture, paper pulp and in match-industry. Turpentine oil obtained from the oleoresin is used in medicines.It is a fast growing pine and hence useful in afforestation.