Location in BHU campus :Common tree/shrub mainly planted for the beautiful fragrant flowers.
Botanical name : Gardenia latifolia Ait.
Family : Rubiaceae
Vernacular / local Name : Hindi-Papra,paphar,ban pindalu; Kannada-Kalkambi,adavibikke; Marathi-Ghogari,papur,pandru; Oriya-Kota rangadamkurdu,jantia; Tamil-Kumbay,perungambil; Telugu-Peddabikki,gaiger,peddakaringuva.
English names : Boxwood gardenia
A handsome small tree up to 8m high with round crown. Leaves opposite or 3-nate ,broadly elliptical , orbicular or obovate, usually 12-25 cm long.Flowers solitary, white,7-10 cm diameter,funnel-shaped.Fruit 4-5 cm diameter,globose,greenish yellow when ripe.
Fruiting : November-January
Flowers are offered in puja.
Root of Gardenia turgida is regarded as a charm by the natives of Chota Nagpur,who wear it attached to the wrist by a cord.
Wood is used for toys,combs,mathematical scales,turnery articles etc. Fruit is edible.